For clonal analysis of STAP stem cells, single STAP stem cells were manually picked by a thin-glass pipette, and plated into 96-well plates at one cell per well. The clonal colonies were cultured in ES medium containing 20% FBS, and expanded for subsequent experiments.
STAP stem-cell conversion culture. For establishment of STAP stem-cell lines, STAP cell clusters were transferred to ACTH-containing medium36 on MEF feeder cells (several clusters, up to a dozen clusters, per well of 96-well plates). Four to seven days later, the cells were subjected to the first passage using a conventional trypsin method, and suspended cells were plated in ES maintain medium containing 20% FBS. Subsequent passaging was performed at a split ratio of 1:10 every second day before they reached subconfluency.
STAP cells could not be efficiently maintained for additional passages in conventional LIF+FBS-containing medium or 2i medium20(most STAP cells died in 2i medium within 7 days; Extended DataFig. 8a). Notably, an adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)1LIF containing medium (hereafter called ACTH medium) known to facilitate clonal expansion of ES cells36 supported outgrowth of STAP cell colonies. When cultured in this medium on a MEF feeder or gelatin, a portion of STAP cell clusters started to grow (Fig. 5a, bottom; such outgrowth was typically found in 10–20% of wells in single cluster culture using 96-well plates and in .75% when 12 clusters were plated per well). These growing colonies looked similar to those of mouse ES cells and expressed a high level of Oct4-GFP. After culturing in ACTH medium for 7 days, this growing population of cells, unlike parental STAP cells, could be passaged as single cells (Fig. 5a, bottom, and Fig. 5b), grow in 2i medium (Extended Data Fig. 8a) and expand exponentially, up to at least 120 days of culture (Fig. 5c; no substantial chromosomal abnormality was seen; Extended Data Fig. 8b, c). Hereafter, we refer to the proliferative cells derived from STAP cells as STAP stem cells.
Another possibility why we could not replicate Obokata’s results might be the difference in the strains of Oct4-GFP transgenic mice used. We acquired our transgenic mice from The Jackson Laboratory (CBA-Tg (Pou5f1-EGFP) 2Mnn/j) while Obokata used transgenic mice generated by Ohbo et al., 2003. Their transgenic mice were developed from a C57BL.6J background, and carry the EGFP cDNA under the control of an Oct4 18-kb genomic fragment (consisting of a minimal promoter and proximal and distal enhancer). Perhaps the transgene in these mice is more easily activated than in our Jackson Laboratory mice. This could potentially explain why Obokata’s transgenic splenocytes, but not our transgenic splenocytes, expressed the EGFP reporter following acid bath treatment. Nevertheless, in the context of generating STAP stem cells, it is not the expression of the transgene that is important but rather the expression of the endogenous Oct4 gene - and related endogenous stemness genes, Sox2 and Nanog. Expression of these genes could not be demonstrated using qPCR analysis following splenocyte acid treatment and culture.
上記の論文で注目されることがあります。 Transient acid treatment cannot induce neonatal somatic cells to become pluripotent stem cells